Markup: Linguistic Ontology
  Traditionally markup has been defined as systematic annotation designed to reveal a text's typographical and informational structure. Linguistic markup might be broadly described as annotation representing: (a) the grammatical structure of text couched in the focus language and (b) the structure of documents presenting a linguistic description or analysis of such text. These two kinds of linguistic markup are required in the digitization of such language documentation as paradigms, word lists, dictionary entries, and glossed text.

Rather than proposing specific markup recommendations as in the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), the E-MELD group at Arizona proposed constructing an environment for comparing data sets using possibly different markup schemes. The central feature of the environment is an ontology of morphosyntactic terms with multiple inheritance and a variety of relations holding among the terms.

This topic became important enough in the history of E-MELD to warrant the focus of an entire workshop ( E-MELD 2005: Linguistic Ontologies and Data Categories for Language Resources). For more information, please see the 2005 Workshop Ontology FAQ, as well as the School of Best Practices Classroom Section on Ontology.

To see the visualization of the ontology structure:

The General Ontology for Linguistic Description

To see the XML version of GOLD:

GOLD 2008

This is a visualization of the phonetic ontology structure:

For more information, visit the GOLD Ontology site:


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